volatility 介绍

volatility是一个完全开放的工具集合框架, GNU通用公共许可证下通过Python实现,数字文物从易失性存储器(RAM)的样品的提取。提取技术进行在完全独立的调查系统,提供了前所未有的可视性系统运行状态。该框架旨在向人们介绍了与提取数字文物从易失性存储器的样品,并提供进一步工作的平台,为研究这一令人兴奋的领域相关的技术和复杂性。

volatility支持来自所有主要的32位和64位的Windows版本和服务包,包括XP,2003服务器,Vista,2008 server,Server 2008 R2,windows 7等的内存转储。无论你的内存转储是RAW格式,微软崩溃转储,休眠文件或虚拟机快照,volatility能够与它的一起工作。我们现在也支持原始的或LiME格式Linux的内存转储,包括35 +插件从2.6.11分析32位和64位的Linux内核 - 3.5.x的和发行比​​如Debian,Ubuntu,OpenSuSE,Fedora,CentOS,并Mandrake。我们支持38版本的Mac OSX内存转储从10.5〜10.8.3 Mountain Lion,32位和64位。也支持Android手机使用ARM处理器,支持Windows 8,8.1,2012,2012 R2 服务器,和OSX 10.9(Mavericks)是不是已经在SVN或指日可待

volatility 首页
volatility 源代码库


volatility - 内存取证分析平台
:~# volatility -h
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.4
Usage: Volatility - A memory forensics analysis platform.

  -h, --help            list all available options and their default values.
                        Default values may be set in the configuration file
                        User based configuration file
  -d, --debug           Debug volatility
  --plugins=PLUGINS     Additional plugin directories to use (colon separated)
  --info                Print information about all registered objects
                        Directory where cache files are stored
  --cache               Use caching
  --tz=TZ               Sets the timezone for displaying timestamps
  -f FILENAME, --filename=FILENAME
                        Filename to use when opening an image
                        Name of the profile to load
  -l LOCATION, --location=LOCATION
                        A URN location from which to load an address space
  -w, --write           Enable write support
  --dtb=DTB             DTB Address
  --shift=SHIFT         Mac KASLR shift address
  --output=text         Output in this format (format support is module
                        write output in this file
  -v, --verbose         Verbose information
  -g KDBG, --kdbg=KDBG  Specify a specific KDBG virtual address
  -k KPCR, --kpcr=KPCR  Specify a specific KPCR address

    Supported Plugin Commands:

        apihooks        Detect API hooks in process and kernel memory
        atoms           Print session and window station atom tables
        atomscan        Pool scanner for atom tables
        auditpol        Prints out the Audit Policies from HKLM\SECURITY\Policy\PolAdtEv
        bigpools        Dump the big page pools using BigPagePoolScanner
        bioskbd         Reads the keyboard buffer from Real Mode memory
        cachedump       Dumps cached domain hashes from memory
        callbacks       Print system-wide notification routines
        clipboard       Extract the contents of the windows clipboard
        cmdline         Display process command-line arguments
        cmdscan         Extract command history by scanning for _COMMAND_HISTORY
        connections     Print list of open connections [Windows XP and 2003 Only]
        connscan        Pool scanner for tcp connections
        consoles        Extract command history by scanning for _CONSOLE_INFORMATION
        crashinfo       Dump crash-dump information
        deskscan        Poolscaner for tagDESKTOP (desktops)
        devicetree      Show device tree
        dlldump         Dump DLLs from a process address space
        dlllist         Print list of loaded dlls for each process
        driverirp       Driver IRP hook detection
        driverscan      Pool scanner for driver objects
        dumpcerts       Dump RSA private and public SSL keys
        dumpfiles       Extract memory mapped and cached files
        envars          Display process environment variables
        eventhooks      Print details on windows event hooks
        evtlogs         Extract Windows Event Logs (XP/2003 only)
        filescan        Pool scanner for file objects
        gahti           Dump the USER handle type information
        gditimers       Print installed GDI timers and callbacks
        gdt             Display Global Descriptor Table
        getservicesids  Get the names of services in the Registry and return Calculated SID
        getsids         Print the SIDs owning each process
        handles         Print list of open handles for each process
        hashdump        Dumps passwords hashes (LM/NTLM) from memory
        hibinfo         Dump hibernation file information
        hivedump        Prints out a hive
        hivelist        Print list of registry hives.
        hivescan        Pool scanner for registry hives
        hpakextract     Extract physical memory from an HPAK file
        hpakinfo        Info on an HPAK file
        idt             Display Interrupt Descriptor Table
        iehistory       Reconstruct Internet Explorer cache / history
        imagecopy       Copies a physical address space out as a raw DD image
        imageinfo       Identify information for the image
        impscan         Scan for calls to imported functions
        joblinks        Print process job link information
        kdbgscan        Search for and dump potential KDBG values
        kpcrscan        Search for and dump potential KPCR values
        ldrmodules      Detect unlinked DLLs
        lsadump         Dump (decrypted) LSA secrets from the registry
        machoinfo       Dump Mach-O file format information
        malfind         Find hidden and injected code
        mbrparser       Scans for and parses potential Master Boot Records (MBRs)
        memdump         Dump the addressable memory for a process
        memmap          Print the memory map
        messagehooks    List desktop and thread window message hooks
        mftparser       Scans for and parses potential MFT entries
        moddump         Dump a kernel driver to an executable file sample
        modscan         Pool scanner for kernel modules
        modules         Print list of loaded modules
        multiscan       Scan for various objects at once
        mutantscan      Pool scanner for mutex objects
        notepad         List currently displayed notepad text
        objtypescan     Scan for Windows object type objects
        patcher         Patches memory based on page scans
        poolpeek        Configurable pool scanner plugin
        printkey        Print a registry key, and its subkeys and values
        privs           Display process privileges
        procdump        Dump a process to an executable file sample
        pslist          Print all running processes by following the EPROCESS lists
        psscan          Pool scanner for process objects
        pstree          Print process list as a tree
        psxview         Find hidden processes with various process listings
        raw2dmp         Converts a physical memory sample to a windbg crash dump
        screenshot      Save a pseudo-screenshot based on GDI windows
        sessions        List details on _MM_SESSION_SPACE (user logon sessions)
        shellbags       Prints ShellBags info
        shimcache       Parses the Application Compatibility Shim Cache registry key
        sockets         Print list of open sockets
        sockscan        Pool scanner for tcp socket objects
        ssdt            Display SSDT entries
        strings         Match physical offsets to virtual addresses (may take a while, VERY verbose)
        svcscan         Scan for Windows services
        symlinkscan     Pool scanner for symlink objects
        thrdscan        Pool scanner for thread objects
        threads         Investigate _ETHREAD and _KTHREADs
        timeliner       Creates a timeline from various artifacts in memory
        timers          Print kernel timers and associated module DPCs
        truecryptmaster Recover TrueCrypt 7.1a Master Keys
        truecryptpassphrase TrueCrypt Cached Passprhase Finder
        truecryptsummary    TrueCrypt Summary
        unloadedmodules Print list of unloaded modules
        userassist      Print userassist registry keys and information
        userhandles     Dump the USER handle tables
        vaddump         Dumps out the vad sections to a file
        vadinfo         Dump the VAD info
        vadtree         Walk the VAD tree and display in tree format
        vadwalk         Walk the VAD tree
        vboxinfo        Dump virtualbox information
        verinfo         Prints out the version information from PE images
        vmwareinfo      Dump VMware VMSS/VMSN information
        volshell        Shell in the memory image
        windows         Print Desktop Windows (verbose details)
        wintree         Print Z-Order Desktop Windows Tree
        wndscan         Pool scanner for window stations
        yarascan        Scan process or kernel memory with Yara signatures

vol 用法示例

读取指定的内存映像(-f /root/xp-laptop-2005-07-04-1430.img),并显示正在运行的进程(PsList):

:~# volatility -f /root/xp-laptop-2005-07-04-1430.img pslist